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2015年成人高考专升本英语复习资料(二)

三、名词的所有格

名词的所有格表示所属关系, 起形容词的作用。

当名词表示有生命的东西时,所有格一般是在词尾加 s .

如:Jeans room, my daughter-in-laws friends, my daughters-in-laws friends, childrens books.

如果名词已经有了复数词尾s, 则只需加。如:the teachers books, my parents car.

时间名词的所有格在后面加s ,复数加 .如:todays newspaper, five minutes walk.

当名词表示无生命的东西时,所有格常由“of”短语构成。

如:the top of the world, the cover of the book, Chinas capital.

加 s 或 的名词所有格可以表示店铺或某人的家。

如:the grocers, the tailors, the Smiths .

★名词所有格考试常见部分是

名词表示没有生命的东西时,不能直接在其后加s.

时间名词所有格在其后加s,或复数名词后直接加。

四、名词在句子中的作用

名词在句子中可以作主语、宾语、宾语补足语、表语、定语,有时可以作状语。

名词、代词或其他结构作主语时,谓语动词在人称和数上必须与主语保持一致。

1.主语是可数名词单数时,谓语动词用单数形式;主语是复数时,谓语动词用复数形式。

All roads lead to Rome.(条条大路通罗马。)

His brother is an industrial engineer.

The number of the students attending the party is increasing.

★the number of 表示数量,无论后面名词是复数还是单数,谓语动词是单数形式。

Two-thirds of the shop belongs to me.

★two-thirds 三分之二

几分之几作主语,谓语是单数形式。

belong to 属于某人

Both of us are studying English.

★总结:在名词作主语时,the number of 谓语动词单数形式;

几分之几,谓语单数形式;

both 谓语使用复数形式。

2、主语是不可数名词、不定式或动名词词组、从句时,谓语动词用单数形式。

All the money he received was given to his mother.

Forgetting the past means betrayal.

What we are talking now is useless.

3.主语部分若有as well as, with, together with, like, but, except等短语,谓语动词的单、复数与短语前面的名词一致。

Mary, as well as her two sisters, is a student of this school.

(as well as her two sisters 作主语Mary的主语补足语,主语 Mary 是单数,所以谓语动词用复数形式)

No one except my friends knows anything about it.

4.表示时间、距离、重量、价值等的复数名词作主语时,如果当作整体看待,谓语动词用单数形式。“…+(×)…=…”算式中的谓语动词也用单数形式。

Three times two is six.

Three kilometers is 3,ooo metres. (three kilometers作为整体来看)

5.Either, neither作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。

Neither of us has been to Italy.

Has either of them been to Shanghai?

none代表可数的人或东西时,谓语动词可以用单数也可以用复数,代表不可数的东西时,谓语动词用单数形式。

None of the students have/has seen the film.

None of the money belongs to me.